Charles de Gaulle is one of the most famous names in France’s political history, and is still remembered by the masses.
From his days in the military establishment as a teenager, Charles proved his leadership ability and his ability to become the greatest military leader of his country.
He expressed his disapproval of the obsolete war tactics used by his country’s army in his early days as a soldier and changed his tactics to keep any opposition at bay.
An innovative tactic they used was to infiltrate into enemy territory and gather all the information they were communicating between members of enemy military forces.
He came to light for opposing the French government’s idea of signing a peace treaty with Nazi German forces. The great military leader also wrote a book analyzing the shortcomings and strengths of the German forces.
His other written work talks about how to properly organize military forces. Eventually, this great leader rose to the rank of president of his country and served in this position for eleven years.
His life is still a great example of leadership that inspires people today
|Born||November 22, 1890|
|Died||November 9,, 1970|
|Place of Death||Colombey-Les-Deux-Eglises, France|
|Cause of Death||Aneurysm|
|Political Ideology||(1947–55) – Political Party Rally Of The French People, (1955–58) – National Centre Of Social Republicans, (1958–68) – Union For The New Republic|
|Father||Henri De Gaulle|
|Mother||Jeanne Maillot De Gaulle|
|Spouse/Ex||Yvonne De Gaulle|
|Children||Anne De Gaulle, Elisabeth De Gaulle, Philippe De Gaulle|
|Sibilings||Jaques De Gaulle, Marie-Anges De Gaulle, Pierre De Gaulle, Xavier De Gaulle|
Charles de Gaulle was one of five children born to a teacher named Henry de Gaulle on November 22, 1890. His birthplace was Lille, a city in the north of France.
In 1909, Charles joined the defense organization ‘Saint Cyr’ in an attempt to become a military leader.
He graduated from this prestigious institution in 1912 and was ranked 13th out of 210 cadets for his outstanding performance as a cadet. Many of his elders felt that De Gaulle was a great military leader and that he was truly proud of his country.
Commissariat ^ L’neergy Atomic at Ax Energy Alternatives, Free France, French People’s Rally, Ecole National D’Administration, Elf Aquitaine, French Community, CNES
Unlike other cadets, Charles preferred to work in France rather than relocate. Thus, he became part of the French Armed Forces’ 33rd Infantry Division and soon relocated to the Arras region of France.
French soldiers at that time had to prepare themselves fully for the First World War. Charles made the best use of his time by interacting with senior officials in Arras and devising new ways to help them win the war.
Charles, along with other soldiers of the ’33th Infantry, was sent to the town of Danant, Belgium, to place the German army at bay. De Gaulle was severely wounded by a bullet wound during the war.
He was furious that the French commander, General Charles Lanrezak, had adopted obsolete, predictable methods of fighting the war. Eventually the French army suffered heavy casualties and casualties.
Gaul drew the attention of military forces with his unique military strategy, which he began to use in early 1915. A wise soldier managed to cleverly extract information from enemy territory by creeping into their land.
In 1916, while participating in the Battle of Verdon, he was cornered and attacked by enemies, which made him physically unfit to fight for the next 32 months. Charles was later arrested by German forces in a military camp.
Poland and Russia were involved in the war in 1919-21, during which Charles was one of the few members of the French military mission to Poland. He seeks to guide the Polish forces to success by serving as their chief instructor.
In the 1920s, Charles was given command of a light infantry battalion. During this period he traveled to Syria and the Rhineland on work-related assignments.
He was later promoted to lieutenant colonel in the 1930s and settled in France.
His method of handling soldiers during this war is one of the few highlights of World War II, which the country is really proud of. By the mid-1940s, Charles had been promoted to the post of Under-Secretary of National Defense and War by the country’s Prime Minister, Paul Raynaud.
Renaud soon stepped down and Marshall Petine succeeded him as the new Prime Minister of France. Petine was supposed to enter into a treaty of friendship with Germany, which was later ruled by the Nazis.
Angered by this decision by the French Premier, de Gaulle and his other military colleagues rebelled against the new government. He later left the country and formed the ‘Free French Forces’ Army Troop, which included many other French natives living outside France.
Charles later founded the ‘Free French National’ in 1941 and also held the position of President.
In 1945, elections were held in France to elect a new government, and de Gaulle gained the support of French nationals during the contest. Communists, socialists and various parties, such as the ‘Popular Republican Party’, garnered significant votes during the election.
Although Charles was elected president of the nation, he resigned in a very short time because of disagreements with the Communist Party.
In 1958, Charles returned to power and became the ’18th President of France’. One of the major tasks he carried out during this period was to end the violence in war-torn Algeria, which was a French colony. By their orders, Algeria became an independent nation.
Charles was forced to step down from power in 1969 after a student revolt after serving eleven years.
Charles de Gaulle was given the responsibility of managing the military division ‘4e Division Curassi’ in 1940, but was at the height of World War II. Under the leadership of Charles, the army was successful in restricting the invading German forces to southeastern France.
Awards and Achievements
The military leader was awarded the ‘Grand Croix of the Legion d’Honor’ in 1945 for proving his superiority as a military leader.
He was honored in 1945 with the ‘Grand Cross of the Order of the Dragon of Annam’ and ‘Chief Commander of the US Legion of Merit’.
Other honors he received include ‘Grand Carden of the Order of the Two Rivers of Iraq’ and ‘Grand Collar of the Order of the Pahlavi of Iran’.
He has also received numerous medals, such as the ‘Medal of Mexico’ and the ‘Chilean Rankagua Medal’.
Charles tied the knot with Yvonne Vendrox on April 7, 1921. The couple later became the parent of three children, Elisabeth, Philip and Annie. Unfortunately, Annie suffered from Down’s syndrome as a child and was later diagnosed with pneumonia. Then she fell victim to the disease in her 20s.
Yvonne was an ardent Catholic who was disliked by sections of French society because of her moral policing act. He raised his voice against pornography and also opposed the use of short skirts in the country.
When he was arrested by German forces, Charles wrote a book, ‘Enemy and True Enemy’, in which he sought to give an insight into the actions of the German Empire. The work was finally released in 1924
Charles wrote a book in 1934 called ‘Worse’ Larmi de Meteor, which tells how to organize the army professionally.
Charles had a close relationship with all his siblings, Marie-Agnes, Xavier, Jacques and Pierre. He was quite emotionally attached to Pierre, the youngest of all children, who bears a striking resemblance to the French military leader.
This famous French military leader died on November 9, 1970; He was 80 years old at the time of his death. Charles is said to have suddenly collapsed while watching television in the evening. It was later found that one of his blood vessels was ruptured.